How to Treat a Rug Burn

A rug burn is a form of first degree burn caused by friction. With a rug burn, the friction that is generated from the contact between the skin and the rug generates a mild amount of heat. This heat causes damage to the tissue in the top layer of skin. Rug burns and other types of first degree burns rarely cause any serious medical problems, but they can be quite painful. There are a variety of ways to treat a rug burn.
Remove clothing or jewelry from the burned part of the body. This is an important part of treating first degree burns, Pennsylvania State’s Medical Center explains, because it makes it easier to get access to the burned tissue and also prevents any other materials to contact the burn, which can make the pain worse.
Apply cool water to the burn for five to ten minutes. This can be achieved by running cool or cold water over the burn or by submerging the burned portion of the body in cold water, MedLinePlus states. Alternately, a rag or washcloth can be soaked in cold water and applied to the burn. The cool water helps dissipate the heat from the friction, which keeps the burn from getting worse

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. It is important not to use ice or ice water, as the extreme cold will actually make the burn worse.
Wash the burn with an antiseptic cleanser. This will help prevent bacteria from infecting the damaged tissue.
Cover the burn with a dry and sterile protective covering, such as a gauze pad. This will help protect the burned area and allow it to heal more easily. It is important to not apply any bandages with adhesive to the burn, Pennsylvania State’s Medical Center explains, as this can restrict airflow to the burn, slowing the healing process.
Keep the burned area protected from friction and pressure. While the damaged skin is healing, it is more delicate than it would normally be and can easily be damaged by more friction or burning. Whenever possible, patients with rug burns should keep a gauze pad or some other protective covering over the burn to prevent additional injury.
Use ibuprofen, aspirin or acetaminophen to relieve pain. Rug burns can be painful but these over-the-counter medications are generally adequate for the treatment of pain from friction burns, MedLinePlus explains.
Check the burned area at least once each day for signs of worsening redness or infection. One of the greatest risks of a first degree burn is that bacteria can infiltrate the damaged skin, leading to a painful and potentially dangerous infection. Signs of an infection include worsening pain, expanding areas of swelling or redness and the appearance of pus or other liquid seeping from the burn.

Itchy Facial Skin

Itchy facial skin, also called pruritus, may cause irritation and tingling of the skin. Chronic skin itching may also cause your face to become inflamed, which can be embarrassing. Determining the underlying cause of itchy facial skin will assist in healing this skin issue. Topical treatments can also ease the discomfort.
Itchy skin that is accompanied by a rash is usually caused by dry skin, according to MayoClinic.com. Weather changes, humidity changes and using air conditioning or heating systems can cause itchy facial skin. Bathing too frequently or using very hot water while bathing can also cause this skin issue.
Nonprescription oral antihistamines and topical corticosteroid creams can be used to ease facial skin inflammation. Applying warm clothes to the face after applying corticosteroid creams can help the skin soak up the medicine. Taking a cool oatmeal bath can also assist in soothing itchy facial skin

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. Another option for itchy facial skin is light therapy. Your dermatologist will use ultraviolet light on the face to ease itchy skin. Some insurance companies don¡¯t cover these procedures. Check out coverage ahead of time to determine affordability.
Select facial products that don¡¯t contain dyes or perfumes, recommends MayoClinic.com. After washing the skin with a gentle cleanser, apply a moisturizer that doesn¡¯t contain fragrance. Getting rid of dryness can reduce inflammation in the skin. Wash towels and bedding with a mild, unscented detergent. Using an extra-rinse cycle when washing clothes may also help

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Some people think that itching the skin doesn¡¯t cause long-term harm. Constant itching, however, can increase inflammation and risk for scarring. Prolonged itching may also cause neurodermatitis, according to MayoClinic.com. This is a condition that causes the skin¡¯s texture to become leathery after frequent scratching. The skin is also at higher risk for bacteria infection if scratched often.
Talk with your doctor about itchy facial skin. Although usually due to dryness, there may be an underlying cause for the itchiness. For example, skin conditions such as psoriasis or hives may cause facial skin issues. Internal diseases, such as iron deficiency anemia, thyroid problems and cancer can also cause itchy skin. Facial itching can also be a drug reaction to antibiotics, pain medications or antifungal drugs, according to MayoClinic.com. Your doctor can rule out underlying causes and assist in treating itchy facial skin.

How to Make Cotton Shirts Larger

Cotton is a robust fabric, and while some cotton shirts are pre-shrunk, others are not. If you have a cotton shirt that is too tight, you can stretch the shirt out to make it larger. Whether you shrunk the shirt while laundering or you bought it a size too small, try some do-it-yourself stretching techniques to make it bigger.
Fill a clean laundry tub, bathtub or sink with cool water. Use enough water so the entire shirt will be submerged. Add ? cup of hair conditioner or 1 tablespoon of baby shampoo per quart of water.
Lay the shirt flat onto the water. Push it down with your hands into the water so it¡¯s completely submerged. Avoid wadding up the shirt to place it in the water. This can prevent the conditioner or baby shampoo from penetrating all the fibers in the fabric.
Leave the shirt to soak for 15 minutes. Use a pencil to trace an outline of another shirt in the desired size onto a large piece of parchment paper while the cotton shirt is soaking.
Drain the water once 15 minutes has elapsed. Rinse the tub, then fill it will plain cool water to cover the shirt. Gently squeeze the shirt as it¡¯s in the water to rinse out the conditioner or shampoo. Let it soak for five minutes

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. Continue rinsing with clean water until no conditioner or shampoo are left in the shirt.
Take the shirt out of the water and wring it out gently. Lay the cotton shirt onto the parchment paper where you traced the outline of a larger shirt.
Stretch the shirt with your hands so it fits into the outline of the shirt on the parchment paper

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. Once you¡¯ve stretched it to the correct size, place heavy objects on each of the four corners of the shirt to hold it in place. Leave the shirt to dry on the parchment paper.

A Hamstring Pull & Avulsion

Sports that require a high degree of speed, power and agility place athletes at a higher risk for hamstring injuries, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Excessive force can cause the hamstring muscle to stretch beyond its normal range of motion. A pulled hamstring responds well to conservative treatment. If you sustain a hamstring avulsion injury, you are likely to undergo surgery and a longer rehabilitation process. Always consult your doctor if you feel you have sustained a hamstring injury.
The hamstrings consist of three muscles. The Biceps Femoris, Semimembranosus and Semitendinosus comprise the hamstring muscle group. A majority of the hamstring muscles form across the femoral muscles — the muscles in the top half of your leg. The hamstrings run across the hip and knees. They are responsible for flexing the knee and aid in hip extension.
A pulled hamstring is also referred to as a hamstring strain. This occurs when there is a tear in one or more of your hamstring muscles. Pulled hamstrings are common in individuals who sprint or jump hurdles. Athletes in sports that include a lot of sprinting — including rugby and football — are also susceptible to hamstring injuries. If you have sustained a pulled hamstring, you are likely to feel a sharp pain in the back of your leg. Swelling and bruising may also occur. You will feel pain if you try to straighten your knee or contract your muscle. Pulled hamstrings can include minor tears, partial tears or a complete rupture of one of your hamstring muscles.
Hamstring avulsion injuries are rare but severe

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. An avulsion occurs when the hamstring muscle is completely torn away from the ischial tuberosity, the portion of your bones you rest your body weight on while seated. It’s located near the hip bone and attaches to the hamstring muscles. This injury is usually the result of a sudden contraction of your hamstring muscle during strenuous physical activity. Sprinting, long jumping and hurdling put you at risk for a hamstring avulsion injury. With this injury, you will experience extreme pain and will probably notice a gap where your muscle has detached. It will be difficult to flex your knee or bend your hip. This injury requires immediate medical treatment.
Pulled hamstrings and avulsion injuries should be examined by a physician. The physician will examine you for tenderness and bruising as well as signs of pain, swelling and weakness. Your doctor may order an x-ray or MRI test in order to determine the severity of your injury.
The treatment of a hamstring injury largely depends on its severity and location. Treatment can be surgical or nonsurgical. Hamstring pulls are frequently treated with rest, ice, compression and elevation. For more severe hamstring pulls, a brace to immobilize your knee can help with the healing process. Your doctor may also recommend physical therapy in order to restore strength and range of motion in your hamstrings. For complete ruptures or avulsion injuries, surgery is required. Your surgeon will reattach the muscle to your bones using staples or stitches. He is also likely to clear up any scarred tissue. After surgery, you will spend time with your leg immobilized and on crutches. When it is safe for you to bear weight, your doctor will recommend physical therapy in order to restore normal function in your hamstrings.

Is Gatorade Good to Drink After a Workout?

Sports drinks have long been used to supplement athletes during and after exercise. Gatorade, much like other sports drinks, has nutrients that water does not provide to the body. Although it can be unhealthy when consumed by inactive people, drinking Gatorade after long workouts can have a beneficial impact on your body.
Exercise uses up fuel and resources stored in your body. To keep your body operating efficiently and safely, replace these resources regularly both during and after exercise. Exercise requires energy to fuel your workload

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, and this is drawn from fat deposits, carbohydrates and other resources in your body. Exercise also creates heat and prompts your body to sweat to cool itself. Sweating causes a loss of water and fluids and can lead to dehydration if they are not replaced. Over long periods of exercise — 60 minutes or more — electrolytes can also be lost.
Gatorade, like many other sports drinks, uses flavoring and sugars to make the drink more appealing to the palate. But sugars aren’t there merely for satisfaction: drinking Gatorade after a workout helps to boost carbohydrates and blood sugar levels in your body. It also replaces fluids lost while sweating. Electrolytes, which help regulate your body’s pH balance, are also provided through sports drinks.
Workouts lasting for less than 60 minutes are best served by drinking water when you’re done rather than a sports drink. Also drink water consistently during your workout to avoid dehydration. For workouts lasting an hour or longer, sports drinks like Gatorade can help replenish your body’s fluids while also providing sugars and electrolytes to boost your energy levels. Aim for 2 to 3 cups of Gatorade, water or a combination of the two for every pound lost during exercise

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According to CBS News, recent research published in the “International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism” revealed that chocolate milk may have greater benefits to the body’s post-workout recovery than Gatorade and other sports drinks. This is because of the protein found in milk, which helps muscles recover, as well as the calcium, vitamin D and sugars. However, the study was limited, and more studies are needed to determine whether chocolate milk is actually superior to Gatorade.

When to Wear a Wetsuit in Open-Water Swimming & at What Temperatures?

A wetsuit is a tight-fitting garment that athletes use in a wide variety of water sports including swimming, surfing and wake boarding. A wetsuit’s design allows a small amount of water to seep in between the skin and the suit. Your body quickly heats this water, which helps to keep you warm in cold water temperatures.
Typically manufactured from double-lined neoprene or with neoprene laminated to a fabric such as stretch nylon, wetsuits are constructed with functionality in mind. In thinner suits, the flexible nylon material Lycra is used. Manufacturers use different techniques¡ªincluding gluing, blind stitching and taping¡ªto increase the seal at the seams of the suit. They also commonly sew in a flap of material that lies underneath the zipper to reduce water seepage.
You should purchase a wet suit that fits well to help increase insulation and comfort. Your wetsuit should fit snugly but should not restrict movement or breathing. A tight-fitting wetsuit will provide a good seal at the ankles, wrists and neck. The fit of the suit should minimize the amount of water that enters the suit, because the smaller the amount of water inside, the better your body will retain heat. If you purchase a wetsuit that is too loose, it will fill with water, restricting your movement and failing to retain heat.
Five types of wetsuits are available for purchase. A shorty is a one-piece, short-sleeved and shorts-styled wetsuit. The three-quarter wetsuit is a one-piece suit featuring short sleeves and legs that extend to the ankles. A full-length wetsuit has sleeves that extend to the wrists and legs that extend to the ankles. A full suit is a one-piece suit that can have either short or long legs. The Farmer John or Farmer Jane is a two-piece suit styled like bib overalls for individuals with an odd leg-to-torso figure.
The water conditions you prefer will dictate when to wear a suit. Generally speaking

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, the warmer the water the less protection you need, and the colder the water the more protection you need. Commercial wetsuit sellers suggest in water 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit, you should use a wetsuit that is 1/16 to 1/8 inch thick. In water 50 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, you should use a wetsuit that is 3/16 to 1/4 inch thick. Lycra is the best fabric to use for diving in warm and shallow waters. Triathlon competitors should note that the USA Triathlon, the national governing body for the triathlon, allows a wetsuit in water 78 degrees or cooler, and permits wetsuits in 79 to 84-degree water although they make you ineligible for awards. No competitor is permitted to wear a wetsuit in water 85 degrees or above.

How to Shrink Acrylic Sweaters

When washed in hot water, garments made of wool and cotton tend to shrink. But acrylic doesn¡¯t respond to washing and drying temperatures the same way that natural fibers do. Instead of shrinking, the synthetic material actually stretches when facing high temperatures. Rather than trying to shrink an acrylic sweater, you may be better off exchanging it at the store for a smaller size or tailoring it to fit properly.
Prior to the early part of the 20th century, sweaters were made out of natural fibers such as wool or cotton. With the gradual introduction of synthetic fibers, such as acrylic, polyester and rayon, manufacturers began incorporating those materials into their garments. Some were 100 percent synthetic (such as acrylic), while others blended the fibers in different proportions (such as 60 percent acrylic and 40 percent wool) to create a specific feel.
Acrylic yarns were invented, in part, to avoid shrinking, as garments made out of natural fibers require special handling when laundering. Acrylic is also machine-washable and hypoallergenic, characteristics that differentiate the fabric from its natural-fiber counterparts. Also, the larvae of clothes moths are unable to digest the man-made fiber, so no holes.
On the minus side, acrylic knitwear is susceptible to stretching, notes garment analyst Dan Eisen in Treasure Coast News: ¡°Acrylic yarn and fabrics are stabilized in manufacture by a heat-setting process, and when improperly stabilized, acrylic knitwear will stretch from the heat and tension in normal wear and in routine cleaning procedures.¡±
Guidelines on How to Wash Acrylic Garments
To keep your acrylic garment from losing its form and becoming baggy, follow the care instructions on the label of the piece you¡¯re washing

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. Real Simple’s Fabric Care 101 guide recommends washing man-made fibers such as acrylic, polyester, nylon and spandex in warm water and drying on a low setting or letting wet garments air dry. The guide also recommends using a fabric softener to help curb static.
While you may want to wash clothing made with natural materials every two to three uses, synthetic materials are more durable and can withstand four to five wears.
If you have an acrylic garment that you want made smaller, your best bet is to have it tailored; a professional tailor can customize the fit to your body. Alternatively, you might exchange the garment at the store where you purchased it. If all else fails, consider gifting the sweater or donating it to a good cause.

List of Ingredients in Gatorade

Whether you participate in sports or simply exercise for recreation, you are familiar with sports drinks. Sports drinks provide energy for activity and ensure proper hydration. Athletes use them during activity to enhance performance. Gatorade is one of the most popular sports drinks on the market, consumed by many. Although Gatorade reformulates its beverages from time to time, some of the ingredients remain the same.
Filtered water is simply water that has been passed through a filtering system to remove impurities.
BMV or brominated vegetable oil is added to certain beverages that contain citrus oils. BMV helps prevent the oils from rising to the surface. It also ensures the stability of the flavor mixture. It is derived from soybean.
Some sugar free varieties of Gatorade contain sucralose, a non-calorie artificial sweetener. Sucralose is added simply to enhance flavor and provide sweetness. Sucralose is sold as Splenda.
The high fructose corn syrup in Gatorade is a combination of two to three carbohydrates. The high fructose corn syrup contributes glucose, sucrose and fructose to the sports drink. Each is added according to results of scientific data to ensure fluid absorption, energy delivery and desirable taste.
Citric acid is added for flavor and to act as a preservative.
Natural and artificial flavors are added to enhance the flavor that cannot be supplied if fruit juice or certain spices were to be used.
Salt, also known as potassium chloride, is used to enhance taste. It is present in Gatorade to help regulate fluid balance in the body.
Sodium citrate is added to Gatorade to enhance flavor and maintain the stability of active ingredients.
Monopotassium phosphate is added as a source of phosphate and has been approved by the FDA as a heart healthy food

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Glycerol ester of wood rosin is used in products that contain citric oils. It prevents the oils from floating to the surface of beverages. It is harvested from the stumps of pine and purified to beverage grade gum. The National Institute of Public Health has declared glycerol ester of wood rosin safe for human consumption.
Artificial colors are listed in the ingredients as various dyes or a color with a number. According to Gatorade.com, the colors in Gatorade are present to help consumers differentiate the different flavors. Colors and dyes used in Gatorade are suitable for human consumption as directed by the FDA. The least amount of dye is used to achieve the desired color

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Benefits of Wearing a Sauna Suit

Sauna suits are primarily designed to help people quickly drop weight. The suit works by holding heat inside the suit and elevating body temperature. The body reacts by releasing perspiration to cool down. By preventing heat and perspiration from escaping, the body loses water weight. Athletes classified by weight, such as wrestlers and boxers, have long employed sauna suits to quickly drop pounds prior to a match, allowing them to qualify for a lower weight class.
Sauna suits work by increasing perspiration and raising metabolism, which helps burn calories. The more a person sweats, the more water the body loses, which results in instant weight loss. However, once the person rehydrates, the water weight comes right back

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What makes a sauna suit so successful for weight loss makes it useful in cold weather as well. During a workout, a person’s body temperature elevates. A sauna suit keeps the body temperature higher, prevents heat from escaping and essentially provides a shell of warmth in cold weather.
While wearing a sauna suit, a person’s metabolism and pulse rate increases, blood rushes to the skin’s surface, vessels dilate and become much more flexible and circulation increases. The body’s extremities benefit most from improved circulation. Another benefit is that blood is pumped away from the organs

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What Are the Benefits of Adventure Sports?

Adventure sports refers to activities like mountain biking, rock climbing, mountaineering, or kayaking, scuba diving, base jumping, the list goes on and on. What these endeavors have in common is a degree of risk, uncertainty and self-discovery. Today

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, adventure sports are known to teach people self reliance, teamwork and to leave their comfort zone. These elements can result in better health, improved self esteem and increased confidence that translates into all aspects of one’s life.
Getting cardiovascular exercise and training with weights or other activity is a great way to manage your fitness. However, taking your workout outside is a terrific way to cross train. Simply running on trails instead of an indoor track develops balance, uses more muscle groups and can take you on a journey in an uncontrolled environment that stimulates your brain with countless variables. Throw in some unpredictable weather and you’ll recognize the thrill of beating the storm and making it back home safely.
Many people may be reluctant to try things like mountain biking or scuba diving, thinking they don’t possess the skills or ability to enjoy it. According to Openskywilderness.com, encouraging people to try new activities may result in them realizing things about themselves they did not know. A great way to build confidence and promote a positive attitude, getting out of your comfort zone is sometimes the only way you’ll dig deep enough to break free of negative thinking.
Many sports, like technical rock climbing, back-country skiing or any other activity in a remote setting, rely on good communication skills, trust and teamwork. This helps people develop communication skills and learn to work together for a common goal. More often than not, in these tough conditions, those that help others are also helping themselves.
True adventure lovers look for the opportunity to challenge themselves and learn from their experiences. The emotional and physical benefits of adventure sports are impressive such as improved problem solving, increased health and a positive thinking. According to Openskywilderness.com, participants that complete their program of wilderness therapy finish with increased fitness, and a healthy emotional balance.